Obsession


The shift from *ps- to s- was possible, but the inverse shift from s- to ps- was impossible? I was told recently that the losening of an initial p- was impossible in Celtic languages, but then I found PIE *pella 'cliff, rock outcrop' Old Irish ail 'cliff', an initial p- gone lost in a Celtic language. So I don't accept your simple No for an answer, there must have been a few rare cases where Magdalenian S- became ps-.

Franz Gnaedinger

What about οψιανός λίθος (obsidian stone)?; according to Pliny named after its discoverer Obsius. This Pliny's Obsius is equal to Serbian Pisa-rević (from pisati "write") 🙂

Greek όψη (aspect) matches to Serbian opis (description, the visual percept of a region, thing etc.); also ὄψ ὀπός (the eye, face); therefore οπτικά (visually) and οπτασία (apparition) and Latin obsessus (obsess). All these words were derived from the Bel-Gon primal-basis; cf. German Beleg (evidence; belegen notice); Serbian beleg (landmark, scotch; beleška note); we could understand the history of the Greek word opse if we compared it to Serbian beleg, beležiti and the other words that
were derived from beležiti (noting, notice) as pisati (right) and opistai (describe).

I do not know where and how Pokorny found the root pster- because Greek πταίρω (sneeze) is related either to English spit (from spilt, splutter; Serb. ispljunuti, iz-bljunuti /spit, ex-pel/) or it
corresponds to Serbian poterati and the basis of such words is Gon-Bel- Gon, Gon-Bel-Hor or Bel-Hor. In neither way Greek 'ptairo' does happen to be in any connection with a "root" *pster-. On the other side the Greek ψυχή (blow, soul, ghost) is "philosophically" related to Serbian words duh (spirit, ghost) and duša (soul), because both words have the verb "blow" as a substratum (Greek psyche /blow/ and Serbian dahnuti/dunuti blow, dah /breath, waft/). In addition we can see that Greek psyche is related to Serbian puhanje (blowing) and pušenje (smoking); i.e. that it was derived from
the Bel-Gon basis.

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