(Non)Historical “h”

I wouldn't take this hypothesis as much possible, I mean intervocalic h as a mark of hiatus and especially as a mark of the length of the preceding vowel.

Let us compare Latin nihil, negatio, nullus and we will maybe be able to see that the sound h is quite natural in this case. Nullus is just a simple assimilation of the sounds in the word nihil (nihilum => nullum). Serbian words nekati (deny) and neću (I won't; assimilated ne-hoću will not) are clearly related to Latin negatio. Later on, Serbo-Slavic nekati has transformed itself to Serbian niko (nobody; Russ, nikto/nikto; Czech nikoho, nikdo) and ništa (nothing; Russ. ničto; Czech nic, ničeho, ničem). In addition, there is Serbian word ništavilo (nothingness; Gon-Gon-Bel basis; compound word: ništa / nothing/ + bilo /exist/). In case of Serbian ništa, German nicht and English nothing (from nohting; cf. Serbian ništenje /annulment/) there is a well visible loss of the vowel a (Serb. nekati /deny/) => Russ.nikto /nobody/ => ničto => ništa /nothing/). Above analysis clearly shows that Latin "intervocalic" h is a "normal" and regular sound, which in some "negation" words appeared as glottal, in other as velars or fricatives and in third, it disappears completely.

There is no and there has never been an inserted (non-etymological) 'h' at least among Romance, Slavic and Germanic languages. On the other side, there are thousands and thousands of IE words where the historical 'h' has been lost.

There is nothing unusual about such a vowel gemination as 'ii'; it is always triggered by the loss of glottal (Cf. Eng. seing, Ger. sehen and sight/Sicht; Eng. vehicle and Serbian vozilo /vehicle/; vozi-ko-lo). Latin vehemens, just like veho, is the word that has been derived from the Bel-Gon ur-basis and that can be compared to Serbian besneti (rampage) or more closer to Serbian besomučan (amuck; be-so-mu-čan <=> ve-he-me-nt). In reality, the history of those words is very simple: they started from the same Bel-Gon ur-basis where the Serbian word pogon (drive; from pol-gon; cf. Latin pulsus push, drive) sprang from.

As I already told many times, the primeval Bel-Gon basis was branched into the three main directions: 1) form (oblo, oval; round shape of the sun)
2) fire (light, blast, heat); cf. Serbian ispaliti <=> explode
3) water (flow, flood, tide etc.)

Explore posts in the same categories: Comparative Linguistics

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