Indo-European S-Mobile


*(s)kleu- Serbian zaključati (to lock up); ključ (key; Ger. Schlüssel; Gr. κληΐς; Lat. clavis) Ger. schließen; Eng. close; (key)

The etymology of the Serbian ključ (key) and za-ključati (lock up, close) appeared to be quite clear. Namely, Serbian ključ is closely related to the word kolac (post, stake, pale, pole, picket); i.e. ključ (key; Russ. klюč; Cz. klíč) is a wooden bar (kolac) used as a closing tool from the oldest times. This word kolac (pole, bar; Cz. hůlka, klacek, kulatina, klada; Russ. kol) is derived from the Gon-Bel basis where from we obtained the other Serbian words as kolo (circle), kolut (sheave, band, ring, pulley, rim, hoop), klada (log, stock, stump) and okolina (surroundings, area; Russ. okolo around; Cz. okolí). In fact, kolac (bar, pole) is related to okolina (surroundings) and to the thence obtained word okolac (fence; cf. Serb. adverb okolo [beside, round, around, about, about; Cz. okolo; Russ. okolo ]).

A similar example we have in case of the word "short/en" – from *(s)ker-); Serb. skratiti or kratiti (shorten), škare (scissors), Lat. curtus (shortened); Russ. sokraщatь (shorten), korotkiй (short); Cz. krátký (short), zkrácení (shortening).

It seems (at least in above examples) that so-called "s-mobile" is nothing but a simple Slavic sa- prefixed words?

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